Healthcare worker hands cleaning the patient's umbilical hernia wound after surgery, disinfecting the skin by applying proper wound dressing

Surgical Site Infections

Surgical site infections (SSIs) are infections that occur at or near the site of a surgical incision.

Surgical site infections (SSIs) are infections that occur at or near the site of a surgical incision. These infections develop due to various factors, including the patient’s immune system, the surgical procedure, and the facility or location.

There are several ways in which SSIs can occur. One common cause is the introduction of bacteria into the surgical site during the procedure. Infections can happen if the surgical team does not properly sterilize their equipment or if they do not follow proper hand or scrub hygiene protocols.

Another way in which SSIs can occur is through the use of contaminated surgical instruments or implants. If these instruments or implants are not properly cleaned and sterilized, they can introduce bacteria into the surgical site and increase the risk of infection.

Other factors contributing to developing SSIs include the patient’s underlying health status, the length of the surgical procedure, and the use of certain medications, such as corticosteroids and chemotherapy drugs.

Several measures help eliminate and reduce the probability of SSIs. One of the most important is proper hand hygiene and surgical scrub. All sterile surgical and patient care team members should perform the hand and arm scrub before entering a surgical site or room. The surgical scrub method includes washing their hands and arms thoroughly with soap and water before and after the procedure.

Sterilization of surgical instruments and implants is also critical. The tools and devices should be adequately cleaned and sterilized before each use, and any implants should be stored and handled in a sterile environment.

In some procedures, using FloraSeptic Wound Gel can help reduce the risk of SSIs. This topical wound gel is applied directly to the patient’s surgical incision after the surgery to help prevent infection. The continued application would continue until the site has closed or healed.

Other measures that can help reduce the risk of SSIs include

  • prophylactic antibiotics
  • maintaining a clean and sterile surgical environment
  • properly managing the patient’s underlying health conditions
  • using surgical techniques that minimize tissue trauma

Surgical Site Infections are severe and potentially life-threatening complications of surgery. However, with proper infection control measures, the risk of these infections can be significantly reduced. Always following proper hand hygiene protocols, sterilizing surgical instruments and implants, using prophylactic antibiotics, and maintaining a clean and sterile surgical environment, people can help protect patients from this dangerous complication.

Health and medical care advances, quality, and value play a significant role in our world. While many locations throughout the world will differ in options and availability, it is essential in all to prevent infections.